Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is the more common type of diabetes. With type 2 diabetes, your body doesn’t use insulin properly.

It is either insulin-resistant—which in turn makes your pancreas cells produce more to make up for it—or it doesn’t produce enough insulin to keep your blood glucose normal. In both cases, the glucose levels are not normal. There’s no cure for type 2 diabetes, but it can be treated with oral medications and/or insulin. Some people are fortunate that they can control their blood glucose through diet and exercise. But regardless of whether people treat their condition with medication or insulin or not, anyone with type 2 diabetes can manage their condition better by eating well, exercising, and maintaining a healthy weight.

Unlike type 1 diabetes, which has no known cause, the development of type 2 diabetes is associated with several risk factors.


National and local programs and resources to help those with Type 2 diabetes.

Managing Type 2 diabetes starts with understanding the best way to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Many local and national programs offer free advice and information on dining, self-management, living with diabetes, and more.

  • Dining with Diabetes

    Dining with Diabetes is a program that is part of the cooperative extension service at the University of Delaware. It provides diabetes education, cooking demonstrations, and tasting of healthy foods.

    Learn more and register
  • Diabetes Self-Management Program

    Register for a free Diabetes Self-Management Program that can help you learn what you can do to stay healthy. If you’d prefer to register by phone, call 302-744-1020.

    Learn more
  • National Diabetes Education Program (NDEP)

    NDEP resources help reduce the burden of diabetes and prediabetes by providing culturally and linguistically appropriate diabetes education resources for a range of individuals and groups — ethnic minorities, hard-to-reach populations, community-based organizations, faith-based organizations, and health care providers.

    Learn more
Couple speaking to doctor

Nationally Recognized Diabetes Education Programs

The following diabetes education programs in our area are recognized by the American Diabetes Association (ADA) or the American Association of Diabetes Educators (AADE) and meet the ADA’s National Standards for Excellence in Diabetes Education. Classes generally include a fee, but those recognized as ADA/AADE-approved programs may be covered by Medicare/Medicaid. Call your insurance company to check on your coverage benefits. Most of the diabetes education program facilities also sponsor free support groups. Please call your facility for a listing of types of support groups, meeting times, and locations.

Program locations

New Castle County:

A. I. Dupont Hospital for Children Nemours Children’s Clinic
1600 Rockland Road,
Wilmington, DE 19803
For appointments, call 800-416-4441
St. Francis Diabetes Center
701 North Clayton Street,
Wilmington, DE 19805.
Call 302-421-4150
Christiana Care Health System Endocrinology Specialty Practice
Kennett Pike
Wilmington, DE 19807
Call 302-661-3052 Extension 3506

Living with Diabetes Outpatient Programs

This program is available at a variety of locations in New Castle County, including Christiana Hospital, Middletown Care Center, Newark Senior Center, Riverside Medical Arts Complex, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Institute, and the Healthcare Center at Brandywine.

Program locations

New Castle County:

Christiana Care Health System
Endocrinology Specialty Practice
3506 Kennett Pike
Wilmington, DE 19807
Call 302-661-3050

Kent County:

Bayhealth Kent Campus
640 South State Street
Dover, DE 19901
Call (302) 744-6307 Christiana Care Health System Smyrna Health & Wellness Center 100 South Main Street
Smyrna, DE 19977
Call 302-661-3050

For specialty programs such as insulin injections, carbohydrate counting, nutrition counseling, and gestational diabetes, call 302-659-4444.

Sussex County:

Bayhealth Sussex Campus
100 Wellness Way
Milford, DE 19963
Call 302-744-6307 Beebe Health Care Beebe Health Campus
18947 John J. Williams Highway
Suite 210
Rehoboth Beach, DE 19971
Call 302-645-3121 Peninsula Regional Medical Center (PRMC) 801 Middleford Road
Seaford, DE 19973
Call 302-629-6611

Risk factors for type 2 diabetes.

  • History of hyperclycemia, prediabetes, and/or gestational diabetes
  • Overweight and obesity
  • Genetics
  • Family history
  • Race and ethnicity
  • Age
  • High blood pressure
  • Abnormal cholesterol

Type 2 Diabetes Risk Assessment

Type 2 Diabetes Risk Assessment

Are you at risk?

A free and easy online test from the American Diabetes Association can help assess your risk for type 2 diabetes and could save your life. See if you are at risk .

Medications that treat type 2 diabetes.

While smart meal planning, weight loss, and exercise are essential in bringing blood glucose levels back to a healthy range, they are often not enough. The next step is taking medication. Your doctor will decide which medication is right for you based on your lifestyle, your physical condition, your response to the medication, and your insurance coverage.

Currently there are 9 oral medications that work in different ways to lower blood glucose, 5 available types of insulin, and 2 more types of injectable medications.

You and your doctor can discuss and decide which one or ones may be right for you.

Medications for Treating Type 2 Diabetes

Medications for Treating Type 2 Diabetes
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